LIFE AND MATERIAL SITUATION OF FORMER EMPLOYEES OF STATE-OWNED FARMS

Renata Marks-Bielska, Roman Kisiel

LIFE AND MATERIAL SITUATION OF FORMER EMPLOYEES OF STATE-OWNED FARMS

The paper aims at presenting the conditions determining the current social situation of the communities of former employees of State-owned Farms. The situation of the vast majority of former employees and their families indicates that as a social group they are the losers of the systemic transformation processes that occurred in Poland. Their current situation is not just a consequence of liquidation of the State-owned sector in agriculture. It is also a derivative of the external conditions, the overall situation of the economy, the situation in agriculture, particular individual characteristics and mentality of people formerly employed in the sector of socialized agriculture. In the past they enjoyed a very limited scope of “freedom” and individual initiative. As a consequence their readiness to assume vocational responsibility is poorly marked and their motivation for work is limited.
Low, narrow and frequently obsolete qualifications of former State-owned Farms employees are conducive to their exclusion from the labor market, which contributes to inherited unemployment and, as a further consequence, poverty that might lead to permanent marginalization and development of social sub-class.
It is necessary to formulate systemic solutions for problems of those communities ass the people living in the areas of former State-owned Farms are unable to solve the situation they are in on their own.

Key words: former employees of state-owned farms, social minimum, minimum of existence.
JEL Classification System: A14.

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