Iryna A. Kazakevich, Volha A. Pashkevich
Women make a significant contribution to the prosperity of the Republic of Belarus. However, rural women in particular encounter problems of achievement of equal status with men in labour activity. Our research used data concerning equality of men and women for the period 1990-2008 to investigate the demographic, economic, social and legal factors affecting the status and rights of women working in agriculture in Belarus. We observed a discrepancy in the supply and demand of labour in the labour market in rural territories of Belarus in vocational and in gender measurement. Gender stereotypes exist which lead to discrimination by employers. Programmes of employment of the population have been developed in Belarus for maintenance of employment and social protection from unemployment annually. These measures will lower female unemployment, will involve long-term unemployed women in work, will lower the duration of unemployment and will improve this situation in the labour market finally.
The research aims are to investigate demographic, social, legal, the business factors mentioning the status and the rights of women, working in agriculture; to analyse problems of achievement of the equal status of men and women in labour activity, to offer mechanisms of their decision.
Object of research. Rural population of the Republic of Belarus, the women working in agriculture.
Research methods. Information base for research concerning equality of men and women are materials of the theoretical and methodical plan in labour sphere. Monographic, abstract-logic, statistical methods of research, and also a method of the comparative analysis are put in a basis of working out and a material statement.
Key words: agricultural sector, agricultural economy, women, labour, gender.
JEL code: J16