NATIONAL AGRI-ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMME 2004-2006 FOR POLAND: EVALUATION BY AGRICULTURAL EXPERTS, AGRI-ENVIRONMENTAL ADVISORS AND FARMERS
In the paper an evaluation of the National Agri-environmental Programme 2004-2006 in the first membership period of Poland in the European Union (EU) is presented. Due to the short membership in the EU there are few empirical studies on agri-environmental measures in Poland. The aim of the paper is, thus, to reveal the importance of the National Agri-environmental Programme 2004-2006 in Poland by means of a primary research and evaluate consequently agri-environmental measures after the accession to the European Union. The evaluation is based on an explorative case study conducted in the voivodship Subcarpathia including interviews with three stakeholder groups: agricultural experts, agri-environmental advisors and farmers. Based on their estimations, different economic and ecological aspects of the implementation of agri-environmental measures as well as of the participation in the National Agri-environmental Programme 2004-2006 are revealed and discussed. The results confirm a positive notion of the National Agri-environmental Programme on the one hand and cautious acting of farmers resulting from the missing experience concerning agri-environmental measures in Poland. On the other hand the findings of the study can be helpful in solving existing problems and more effective designing of agri-environmental measures in Poland according to regional preferences with regard to environmental protection in rural areas.
Keywords: Agri-environmental measures, evaluation, environmental protection, Poland.
JEL classification: Q18, Q50.